SKI SLOPE SAFETY
RULES TO BE OBSERVED
The Italian Ski Federation F.I.S. has defined rules of conduct to be observed by skiers and snowboarders, cross-country skiers and respect for the environment, promoting conscientious, prudent and correct behavior and laying the foundation for handling any disputes.
RULES OF CONDUCT FOR SKIERS AND SNOWBOARDERS
1. Every skier or snowboarder must behave in a manner that never endangers the safety of others. Skiers and snowboarders are responsible not only for their behavior on the slope but also for their equipment and any defects in it. It is important for renters to choose equipment according to their skill level.
2. Every skier or snowboarder must keep a speed and behavior appropriate to his or her ability as well as to the conditions of the terrain, snow, weather and traffic on the slopes. Accidents are often caused by excessive speed, which results in loss of control and limited vision. Skiers and snowboarders must be able to stop at any time and perform their turns without obstructing others. In crowded areas, lift departure areas, start and end of the slope, and poor visibility conditions, it is best to move slowly and avoid standing in the middle of the slope.
3. The upstream skier or snowboarder, being in a dominant position has a choice of route. They are therefore obliged to keep a direction that avoids the danger of collision with others positioned downstream. Skiing and snowboarding are free-movement sports where everyone expresses himself as he pleases, as long as it is within the rules and in relation to personal ability, physical preparation and the general conditions of the environment. The person in front always has priority. If he is behind or along the same direction of travel as us, it is necessary to maintain a sufficient distance to allow him to be able to move freely.
4. Overtaking may be carried out as much upstream as downstream, on the right or on the left, but always at such a distance as to allow voluntary or involuntary evolutions and movements of the person being overtaken. He who makes an overtake is responsible for his maneuver and must carry it out in such a way as not to cause any difficulty to the person being overtaken. This responsibility is such for the entire arc of the maneuver and also applies to the overtaking of those who are stationary along the track.
5. A skier or snowboarder entering or crossing a slope, practice or training terrain shall ensure by visual inspection upstream and downstream that he can do so without danger to himself or others. This behavior must be observed after each stop. Entering the slope or restarting after stopping, are operations to be carried out very carefully as they often cause accidents. The skier or snowboarder proceeding slowly must always watch out for faster skiers following and ahead of him. In addition, current 'carving' skis and snowboards allow the skier or snowboarder to turn all the way up to climb in the opposite direction of the downhill skier. Extreme caution is absolutely necessary for these maneuvers as well.
6. Except in circumstances of absolute necessity, skiers and snowboarders must avoid stopping in the middle of the slope, near hard passages or where there is a lack of good and wide visibility. In case of a fall they must clear the slope quickly, trying to reach an edge of the slope as quickly as possible. If the runway along which one is standing is not very wide, stops should be made always and exclusively, along one of the two runway edges. Never stop in areas where the visual field of the runway is limited (bottlenecks) or you risk not being seen by those coming down.
7. A skier or snowboarder ascending down a slope must strictly proceed along the edges of the slope. Similar behavior should be observed when descending or ascending on foot. Proceeding in the opposite direction to the natural direction of descent presents unpredictable situations that are impossible to warn or assess readily. In addition, any holes and deep footprints left along the slope can be very dangerous for skiers and snowboarders.
8. Skiers and snowboarders are expected to pay the utmost respect to the signs and markings displayed on the ski slopes. The various degrees of difficulty of the slopes are indicated, in descending order, with the colors 'black', 'red', 'blue' and 'green'. Everyone can freely choose the trail he or she prefers. In order to avoid accidents, there are also other various signs (direction, danger, slowing down... etc.) along the trails, which must be strictly observed as they are installed in the interest of everyone.
9. In case of an accident anyone is obliged to render aid, which is a moral duty that engages every sportsman. Even if there is no legal obligation on the track, it is necessary, according to one's ability, to engage in first aid, to call for first aid, to take action to cordon off the area and to signal to those who are coming down the track the presence of one or more injured people. For those who shirk this obligation, the International Federation advocates, in countries where legislation does not already provide for it, criminal prosecution similar to failure to assist in a traffic accident.
10. Anyone who is involved in a track accident, with or without responsibility, or who has witnessed it, is required to give his or her personal details. The report of any witnesses is of decisive importance in making a correct report of the incident. Every sportsman must feel this moral and honest obligation in imperative form. The report of the first-aid and rescue service, together with the support of testimony whether verbal, photographic, or videotaped, can be of great help in determining possible civil and criminal liability.
11. Read well the rules of conduct to be adopted posted at the entrance to each snowpark.
RULES OF CONDUCT FOR CROSS-COUNTRY SKIERS
1. Respect others: the cross-country skier must behave in such a way as not to endanger the safety of other skiers and especially those less well prepared
2. The cross-country skier must respect track delineation and signs. On the tracks he must respect the direction of travel, direction and latecnica indicated.
3. If the slope is groomed with several tracks, the skier must use the one furthest to the right (even in the case of group skiers).
4. Overtaking may be done either to the right or to the left, provided it does not harm the skier in front, who is not obliged to give way, but must nevertheless allow the possibility of a faster skier overtaking him.
5. At crossings on two-way slopes, skiers must always keep to the right. Those descending always have the right of way over those ascending.
6. Poles should always be held close to the body when crossing or passing another skier.
7. Speed, especially downhill, should be adapted to one's ability, terrain conditions, visibility and traffic on the slope. In addition, a safe distance from other skiers should always be maintained.
8. Stopping must be done off the tracks and the slope. The skier, in case of a fall, must clear the slope as soon as possible by clearing the track.
9. Everyone must render aid and assistance in case of injury.
10. Anyone who has been involved in an accident, even indirectly as a witness, is required to give his or her personal details.
11. Waste should never be abandoned on the slope, which should also not be ruined by walking without skis.
12. Leave the slope clear until the end of the race
RULES OF CONDUCT FOR FREERIDERS
1. Carry your arva and probe with you at all times.
2. It is advisable to organize group outings and not alone.
3. Always let someone know the destination and timing of the hike.
4. If novice, always be accompanied by a guide.
5. Constantly inquire about the weather forecast and pay attention to developments.
6. Never abandon garbage at high altitudes, always bring it back to the valley with you.